Saturday, May 23, 2020

Anxiety in Teenagers - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 2123 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2019/04/01 Category Psychology Essay Level High school Topics: Anxiety Essay Did you like this example? Anxiety is the number one mental illness that teens are diagnosed with in the United States, and ten percent of teens are diagnosed with anxiety in the US alone (11 Facts). If ten percent of teens in the United States suffer from anxiety, then roughly four million teens in the U.S. are suffering from this mental illness. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Anxiety in Teenagers" essay for you Create order It is a mental illness that can be treatable and managed with the help from psychologists, parents, and doctors, but only one out of five teens receive treatment of any kind (11 Facts). That sistic is devastating for teens in the U.S. Anxiety is one of those mental health illnesses that can be minor or very major. Anxiety in a teens life can be triggered by multiple different stimuluses that include: situational or daily pressure of any kind, social media, phobias etc. Anxiety comes with a variety of side effects that can bring harm to a teens life, like panic attacks and trouble breathing. Panic attacks and trouble breathing are side effect that most teens feel when they are very overwhelmed or feel as if they are not able to control situations or their own emotions (Dough 3). Parents and psychologists play a large role in helping teens get through and survive their anxiety and its side effects. Anxiety is a problem many teens from the U.S suffer from on a daily basis, but it is all about the teen seeking help, identifying the root cause of their anxiety, and ways for the teen to understand the side effects. With almost all anxiety in a teens life, there is a root source that causes the mental illness to take place. A lot of teens have anxiety because of something known has PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder). Teens who have gone through flashbacks, survivors of sexual assault, domestic violence, child abuse, car accidents, or natural disasters will experience some form of PTSD, which is a form of severe anxiety (Facts 11). A teenage boy who might of been physically abused by his father may hesitant to be near his moms new husband because he is afraid of being abused again by another man. PTSD is quite common in adolescents. Researcher say that more than 40% of teens and adolescents will experience some sort of PTSD in their early years of life (Smith 1). A large aspect of teenage anxiety is Social Media. Social Media can be used for positivity, but it also can produce an abundance of negative content in a teens life. Most teens confide too much on social media. When they look through platforms they might show a post of a friends birthday party that they were not invited to, and the feeling of being left out can cause anxiety (Shafer 1) . These teens will start to question if they are excellent enough, nice enough, pretty enough, or even cool enough for their so called friends. They also find pressure to get enough likes on a picture and even comments to feel loved. Teens can develop anxiety over things that get posted about them which they have absolutely no control over (Shafer 1). Social media plays a large role in the society, especially in the present generation, where social media is so popular. One of the largest sources of anxiety in a teens life is the teens parents or legal guardians. Most parents do not understand the effect they can have on their childs life, but they can definitely play a role in their childs or teens anxiety disorder. Parents, whether they mean to or not, put a lot of pressure on their children(Morin 1). Parents can sometimes set unrealistic expectations as well (Pietro 1). Parents might tell their teen that they are the best volleyball player ever or even the best student in the sophomore class. These can be unrealistic expectations that create pressure on the child, which can in turn cause anxiety because the they need to be the best according to their parent or legal guardian (Morin 1). Parents can contribute to a teens anxiety whether they notice or not. Finding the cause of the anxiety helps the teen understand what might be the right mechanism to help control their anxiety. After figuring out the cause of the teens anxiety, the next thing the teens needs to figure out with the help from therapists and parents is how to seek help with the anxiety struggles they face on a day to day bases. Parents play a huge role in helping teens today. There are parents who completely disregard that their teen could be suffering from severe anxiety, and they might even tell the teen to suck it up and stop overreacting (Pietro 1) . On the other end of the spectrum there are parents that find it better to keep their teen in hiding and not expose them at all to situations that might cause a bit of anxiety (Morin 1). When parents help a teen avoid the things they are afraid of, it only will benefit the child in the short term, but it will reinforce the anxiety for long term (Pietro 1). Both of these mechanisms are the wrong way to go about helping teens work through their anxiety and fears. Parents are encouraged not necessarily focus on eliminating the teens anxiety, but to help their teen learn how to manage the anxiety in different situations (Pietro 1) . Being well aware of their teens struggles with the disorder, it will help the parent be more aware of whats going on in the teens life and begin to understand how to parent in the most beneficial ways possible (Pietro 1). When a situation comes up that might make the teen uncomfortable, rather than telling them that everything is going to go perfectly, parents will express to their teen that whatever happens, it will be okay, and they will make it through the situation with a little encouragement and courage (Pietro 1). It is extremely encouraging to know that their parents support them and want to help. Adult validation is all a teen could ask for when suffering from a mental disorder. Therapist and the right kind of meds will help show major improvement with a teen suffering from anxiety (Managing 2). Only one third of people suffering from anxiety see or get treatment (Managing 2). Anxiety is very treatable if a teen seeks out the right medical attention. Teens who get help from a weekly or even a monthly therapist find that their anxiety is more in control and that by seeing a therapists they have been able to experience and enjoy life more (Managing 1). Anxiety is an illness and it needs to be treated by a doctor just like having heat disease or even diabetes . According to Dr. Peter Roy-Byrne: Medication treatment of anxiety is generally safe and effective. But it often takes time and patience to find the drug that works best for you(Roy-Byrne 1). Medicine is usually followed up by a behavioral therapy. There are a wide range in medication that a teen can take if struggling with anxiety the list includes: SSRI, SNRI, Tricyclic antidepressant, and Benzodiazepine (Rory-Byrne 1). Teens that suffer from severe anxiety usually seek medical attention through psychotherapy and medications. Patients respond better to a combination to both treatments (Dough 3). A therapists and a psychiatrist will get the patient the help they need through medical attention as well as therapeutic help (Managing 2). If a teen wants to seek help than reaching out to a therapists is the right decision. There are many side effects of teens who struggle with anxiety some that include the following: Anxiety leads to clinical depression, physical effects to the teens body, and isolation from the outside world. Anxiety can a lot of times be linked with depression in teens. Anxiety is a big deal in itself. When children suffer from both anxiety and depression it could be very unhealthy and can leave a negative impact on a teens mental and physical state (11 Facts). Teen anxiety is already a problem in the U.S. today, but when depression is mixed into the equations things can get worse. People nowadays believe mental illness can just go away on their own, but what they are not aware of is that they can actually lead to other problematic disorders in teens. Some anxiety that goes untreated leads to developing into other mental disorder like depression (Dough 3). On the outside some see a teen struggling with anxiety, but on the inside the teen could be struggling with a lot more than it mi ght seem. A vast majority of teens who do suffer from anxiety show symptoms of more than one disorder (Dough 3). Teenagaers and adolocents are encougade to seek help when struggling or else their anxiety could lead to other mental health disorders. Not only does anxiety take a large toll on someones mental state, it also takes a toll on their physical state. With anxiety sometimes it comes with a wide range of physical health issues. Common health issue that comes with teens who suffer anxiety quite frequently are panic attacks/anxiety attacks. Some that suffer from anxiety will not experience the full anxiety attack, but could show some symptoms of a panic attack. The different side effects from a panic attack include: fast heart beat, swearing, dizziness, upset stomach, difficulty breathing, chest pain,and numbness throughout the body (Hurley 2). When a teen suffers mentally with a disorder that is already hard enough on the childs body, but when the disorders starts to take a physical punch on the teens body it takes the disorder to a whole new level. Other physicals changes can occur in a adolescents body when they battle with anxiety. Some of the major physical changes can entail: Frequent headaches, gastrointestinal problems, unexplained aches, excessive fatigue, complaints of not feeling will with no obis medical cause , and an ab normal change in a teens eating habits (Hurley 1). Adolescents that are in a constant battle with anxiety suffer some terrible sleep patterns and behaviors. A teen will find it difficult sleeping or even falling asleep at night. Some serve effects like frequent night terrors and nightmares. These side effects will leave the teen feeling tired and not well rested throughout their day (Hurley 1). Physical and mental health issues should not be taken lightly when a teen is struggling. Physical health is not the only effect that anxiety damages. It also can create isolation from the outside world in an adolescents life. Teens struggling with anxiety have a hard time hiding it sociologically. Teens that suffer from severe anxiety will start to avoid interactions they once loved. They will start to take astep back and isolate themselves from peer groups they are comfortable with as well as start to spend and increasingly time alone. Research shows that adolescents will be more withdrawn of social interactions with the captives they were once very much engaged in (Hurley 1). Social isolation is a big red flag if seen in an adolents, especially if the teen used to be very social and involved in many actives. Teens will not only start to disconnect to social interactions, but a some teens will start to check out of school mentally. Some parents will start to see a decrease in their childs school work with their child not turning homework in frequently or their child constantly having a hard time concentrating on homework assignments more than usual (Hurley 1). Social isolation and a loss interest in educ ation are side effects of teens who might struggle with anxiety. Teen anxiety must be brought out of the darkness and into the light. Millions of teens suffer from all types of anxiety disorders in the U.S. alone (11 Facts). The society needs encourage school systems and parents to bring light on a disorder that is look down upon. Teens need to be taught the right mechanisms when dealing with stress in real life. In Todays society it is very much emphasized that kids need to be taught all the importance of academics. Even through teaching teens academics is very important, but school and parents need to put full effort into teaching kids emotional life skills as well (Morin 1). Anxiety is a mental disorder than can not be ignored any longer. With teens starting to reach out and located where there anxiety comes from then teens can start to understand the importance of getting help before their side effect of their anxiety increase at a rapid rate. Teen anxiety is a mental health disorder that is effecting so many lives all across the world that it is time to raise awareness of the sickness and continue to find new ways to reach out to teens and lend them a hand in helping them live the best possible life hopefully anxiety free.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Self-Assessment of Emotional Intelligence Essay - 651 Words

Emotional Intelligence Emotional intelligence is an important characteristic in becoming a good leader. â€Å"Emotional intelligence is the ability to manage oneself and ones relationships in mature and constructive ways† (Kinicki Kreitner, 2009, p.137).Being a good leader entails more than just being smart; leaders need to be able to connect to their employees emotionally and empathetically. Organizations today not only look for leaders with the skills, but leaders that can emotionally connect to employees to obtain the organization’s goal. â€Å"Leaders have always played a primordial emotional role. No doubt humankind’s original leaders-whether tribal chieftains or shamanesses-earned their place in large part because their leadership was†¦show more content†¦Emotional intelligence also entails me understanding strengths and weaknesses are when it comes to dealing with individuals and becoming an effective leader. If I do not take the time to do this, I can get trappe d in trivial issues and forget what is important and eventually forget my emotional intelligence. This can hurt my work relationships and I will no longer enjoy my job. Effective social skills are another aspect of emotional intelligence that I must acquire. Obtaining effective and efficient social skills will enable me to build long lasting relationships within my personal and professional lives. Building strong relationships will lead to establishing trust. Trust is one of the most significant aspects of emotional intelligence. When trust is absent, much time and exertion is spent on issues that are unproductive. Productivity will also decline when an employee does not feel he or she can trust his or her leader. In addition, when an employee does not trust his or her leader, he or she will be less creative and will not want to express his or her ideas. â€Å"The greater a leader’s skill at transmitting emotions, the more forcefully the emotions will spread. Such transmission does not depend on theatrics, of course, since people place close attention to a leader, even subtle expressions of emotion can have great impact† (Golem an, et. al, 2002, para. 3). AsShow MoreRelatedEmotional Intelligence Self-Assessment Essay1665 Words   |  7 PagesEmotional intelligence, or EI, has begun to make head way in the nursing world in its tie to leadership. Nurses are people, so they experience emotion just like every other person. Their work is stressful and trying, it provokes emotion due to the environment and situations at hand. The ability to recognize one’s own emotions, along with those that present in others is an important skill (Morrison, 2008). Being able to recognize emotions makes it easier to manage our lives and our relationship withRead MoreAn Emotional Intelligence Assessment : Measuring The Importance Of Interpersonal Communication And Self Evaluation1166 Words   |  5 PagesAn Emotional Intelligence Assessment: Measuring the Importance of Interpersonal Communication and Self-Evaluation in Business Leadership I.Introduction: A Emotional Intelligence (EI) assessment will be analyzed to better understand the emotional complexities of managing a car detail business. My own personal experiences as a business leader will be defined through Goleman’s five categories of Self-Awareness, Self-Regulation, Motivation, Empathy, and Social Skills. Goleman’s article, â€Å"What makesRead MoreAfter Taking The Values In Action (Via) Inventory Of Strengths,1285 Words   |  6 Pageswas interesting to learn my other top strengths. Taking the Emotional Intelligence (EQ) and Leadership Self-Assessment introduced me to my social and self-intelligence. Using the KAB model, I was able to identify knowledge, attitude and behavior strengths for both self and social intelligence. The Values in Action Inventory of Strengths was designed to classify one’s character strengths and assess the strengths identified utilizing a self-reporting survey, Peterson and Seligman (2004). The surveyRead MoreImportance of Self-Assessment in Leadership Roles1078 Words   |  4 Pagesleadership style also involves continuous self-assessment in order to evaluate the past and current performance and consequently improve the future leadership potential. The following four paragraphs aim to identify and discuss some of the major benefits that leaders will have when engaging in an honest self-assessment process, but will also highlight typical pitfalls in self-evaluation. SELF ASSESSMENT CAN IMPROVE EMOTIONAL SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE Emotional intelligence in leadership has been described byRead MoreComparing The Eq I And The Strong Interest Inventory Assessments1733 Words   |  7 PagesThe EQ-i and the Strong Interest Inventory assessments. EQ-i stands for emotional quotient inventory. The EQ-i was developed to assess emotion and social intelligence of people. Taking the EQ-i assessment helps many people determine what their strengths when dealing with things pertaining to stress, work ethic, and emotions that will affect the way they act and their success in the working world. The Strong Interest Inventory is used in career assessment. It gives insight on a person’s interests,Read MorePersonal Statement Assessment : My Personality As A Business Owner843 Words   |  4 PagesV.Implications for Career This self-evaluation assessment has provided the pros and cons of my interpersonal interactions with employees as a business owner. The implications of the Emotional Intelligence assessment have inspired me to identify and single out the positive and negative aspects of my personality as a business leader. I have become more aware of the importance of self-knowledge as a way to identify emotional patterns that can help me understand my employees outside of their job performanceRead MoreThe Emotional Intelligence Test, Decision Making1270 Words   |  6 Pagesof circumstances such as, biases, decision-making abilities, situation, environment, culture, gender, emotional intelligence, and personality. Effective leadership can induce process improvement and performance, maintain a viable gain, and is a strong foundation for organizational development (Jing, Avery, 2016). Research suggests that leadership style and high levels of emotional intelligence is positively associated with emp loyee performance and organizational success (San Lam O Higgins, 2012)Read MoreUnderstanding Of Emotional Intelligence, Organizational Leadership, And Workplace795 Words   |  4 Pagesexited the organization. In addition to this critical loss, the remaining employees were left to perform business as usual. Downey (2011) indicated that emotional intelligence, organizational leadership, and workplace culture are directly linked to how employees relate to the leaders of an organization. The understanding of emotional intelligence, its components and a comparable leadership style such as transformational leadership is vital to the success of an organization. The general organizationalRead MoreNotes On The Optimism Leaders And The Glass Is Half Full 1579 Words   |  7 Pagestherefore, he speaks negatively and struggles to adapt. Furthermore, his negativity affects his ability to accurately evaluate others attributes. Consequently, our quarterly assessment of our performance does not reflect our strengths; however, it highlights our weaknesses. Self-Awareness Bradberry and Greaves (2009) state, self-awareness is â€Å"your ability to accurately perceive your own emotions in the moment and understand your tendencies across situations† (p. 24). Furthermore, â€Å"getting to knowRead MoreThe Skills And Knowledge I Learned Through The Course1510 Words   |  7 Pagesleadership such as management vs leadership, emotional intelligence, team stages of development, situational leadership, servant leadership, and Myers-Brigs Personality assessment tool. Also, while taking this course, I also identified my dependable strengths as well as my areas of weakness. At the beginning, I will talk about my personal definition of leadership. Then, I will summarize my self-evaluation/self-assessment by using MBTI, Big 5, and Emotional Intelligence. I will also talk about one of my area

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Jefferson Wears A Tie Free Essays

The story Jefferson wears a tie is about a man called Jefferson. His occupation is that he works as a sales administration manager at a firm. He is quite good and skilled doing his job and got quite the potential. We will write a custom essay sample on Jefferson Wears A Tie or any similar topic only for you Order Now He is a creature of habit in what he does, and driven by his routines. He struggles to work hard and to finish his deadlines but all that changes. He starts to put less time in his work and lacks that determination he once had. He shows up late for work and acts differently during the day and quickly people at his work start to notice this sudden change and noticing him a bit more than usual. That starts a bit of a chain reaction at work, people starts to talk about him behind his back and the rumor about him getting that promotion is closer than ever. One day when the managing director shows up he confronts him with a possible promotion wearing only pajamas where it’s questioned if he even wanted the promotion. 2.Characterize Jefferson and his development Jefferson seems to be a rather reasonable man that sticks to himself; he got somehow a few routines that he like to do such as, getting that cup of tea and doing that small talk on his way to the office. A man that has a relative important role in the form, that means he got work on his table and need to make sure the quality of his work is in top notch quality, you could say that he takes a certain pride in his hard work. As the story progresses he develops different personalities, initially he cares a lot about his work and don’t have the need to socialize during work hours. But now he begins strategically different towards have himself noticed by his superiors. It’s now that he begins to socialize more, and enjoy reading the news with a cup of tea before he starts his work. He starts to feel less appreciated at work, feels that he is better than most of his fellow employees. Suddenly he chooses to rebel against his habits, his pattern changes and people quickly begin to notice him. It’s not only by work they can notice him it’s also his appeal as he starts to dress differently. This ongoing pursuit for a better position at work slowly decreases and he starts to think that his job is meaningless, so by other words he starts questioning his current position. It’s an admirable process that our main character goes though. He starts from being quiet and dissatisfied to evolving into a confident man that does  whatever he pleases. 3.Comment on the environment at Jefferson’s workplace. The environment seems to be a quite common workplace in an office. A place also where nothing really matters in a way, there are all these fancy job titles and the boss has clearly no idea about what his employees are doing, or how they are doing it. The social aspect seems to lack in this place and judging by there are a few that talks and dreams about vacations to get away from the place. 4.In a short essay (150-200 words) discuss why some people rebel against the norms and others conform to the rules. Relate your discussion in the text. The reason I think why the most people adapts to the norms it’s because, it’s actually the easiest thing to do. But then, it’s hardest for the person to fall out from these norms because you risk being judged by other people. It’s also a good way of laying of the responsibility that you got for yourself, just obey orders like Jefferson and do what pleases other. People tend to be stuck at doing things their way, some people does not necessary embrace change into their life. They are at their comfort zone, safe doing the things they do, so why change it? People also seem to tend to rebel against some of the norms because some feel the urge to break free from the rules, it can be a fantastic feeling to be also true to yourself and not being â€Å"chained† by these norms. For example, Jefferson starts questioning his life and by that he takes more control of it than ever. It’s also being said that sometimes you have to think outside the box, I believe this saying is perfect to this since you can achieve greatness other ways than following the path that already has been laid out for you. How to cite Jefferson Wears A Tie, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

End of Life Care in Acute Setting

Question: Discuss about the End of Life Care in Acute Setting. Answer: Introduction: Human lives start with the aid of health care setting and end with it as well. In the last stages of life the elderly generally spend the more of their time in the hospital care facility than they spent in their own homes. By the law of nature the old age comes ridden with medical complexities and the older population depend completely upon the health care service provided by state or nation (Curtis et al., 2012). Studies suggest that most of the old-age population that spent the most of their time in the health care facility, the end to their existence mostly comes in the acute health care setting. This essay attempts to describe different aspects of the end of life care services in the acute health care services taking the example of Australian health care. There was a time in the long lost past where the ageing population died in the confines of their houses without any clinical intervention to relieve the pain and provide any means of comfort. Health care has come a long way since then, with the new age technological advancements, hospitals now provide pone of a class end of life care to the ageing terminally ill population in the palliative care units (Hui et al., 2014). Taking the example of Australian citizens, 52 % of the ageing individuals die in the acute care settings. One might raise a question as to what is the need for the aged members of the society to spent the last years or months or days in the formal hospital settings rather than in the comfort of their homes surrounded by the loved ones, making the most of each passing moment. However, the advanced palliative care provided to the elderly in the very last stages of their lives can minimize if not eradicate the pain and suffering and decrease the grief of death that loom s over the patient as well as the family (Jones et al., 2012). There are a lot of dimensions to the end of life program, a lot of frameworks and legislations coming together to provide the optimal care to the patients that are very last of their days or months in the hospital setting. The program of recognising and responding to clinical deterioration policy has constructed the very basics of the end of life care program. The national consensus statement of the Australian government about the essential elements for safe and high-quality end of life care in the year of 2015 has clarified the part of physicians, nursing professionals and health care professionals in the end of life care setting with the common goal of delivering the best of care to the ageing members of the society (Katz Johnson, 2013). The consensus statement serves as a guide for the horde of health care professional about the specific requirements of the ageing and terminally ill patients complete with all the safety procedures to comply with. However, with all the progressive technologies and advanced health care services, there are a number of factors that drag down the successful operations in the end of life care setting. Health care is a people focussed field and undoubtedly there are going to be challenging external factors that will inevitably dag down the progress. Almost all regions of Australia has a different end of life care unit, be it New south Whales, Queensland, Northern territory or Victoria, the variables affecting the standards of palliative care are the same (McCourt, Power Glackin, 2013). The variable that demands prior recognition when discussing about palliative care is pain management and that too as the earliest. The terminally ill patients are mostly suffering with acute pain and trauma and mostly the health care professionals do not know which way to go with their complex and multiple medical complexities. There are poor skills at display that could refer the needy patients to palliative unit and diagnose the cause of pain and offer immediate relief, even if the patient is not dying (Murray et al., 2012). The most of the issue with pain management failures for the terminally ill or patients in acute care unit is the lack of skilled decision making force, the lack of judgment in the incompetent staff can lead to a loss of life even if that was meant to be lost soon anyway. The next most influential variable in the acute end o life care setting will be keeping up with demands of the patients and their families. The fear and denial in the patients or their family members is mostly the most challenging hurdle for the health professionals to overcome. Mostly the professionals hesitate to face the family of the patient to deliver information about the tragic turn the health of their beloved has taken (Teno et al., 2013). And even if they do deliver the message the emotional attachment of the family members restricts them from coming to terms with the reality. the denial of the patients themselves often interfere with the care delivery as well. Another vital point in this scenario is the unrealistic and impractical demands that the patients and their families make that critically restrict the flow of care services. This conundrum can only be solved if there is effort from both sides, meeting each other halfway. The health care professionals need to overcome their apprehension of breaching the topic of impending death with the family members and the patients and family members need to embrace the reality so that the care is not withheld for their emotional outbursts (Thomas et al., 2013). This issue undoubtedly is a major concern to the health care professional working in the palliative care unit. However, the root cause behind this issue lies in the lack of knowledge in the public about palliative care. In most cases the family of terminally ill patients are terrified of the impending death of their loved one and palliative care seems like uncharted territory for them about which they have no clear idea (Virdun et al., 2015). This lack of knowledge and terror and grief on the impending death of their own fuels their denial and unrealistic demands. Sometimes the health care professionals suffer from blame game as well, where they find the death or failure of the treatment top be due to their incompetency, they need to overcome this apprehension to communicate with the patient and their families better, explain the benefits of end of life care so that they are not terrified o this concept. Another restriction to efficient and optimal care to the terminally ill is the sparse effort given to differentiate the patients. Often the health care professionals cannot recognize who is dying and why they are dying, is it due to an accident or an organ failure, a terminal disease, and without ample effort to recognize this differentiation it is impossible to deliver required care (Watts, 2012). Moreover, the palliative care units are majorly focussed around the terminal illnesses like cancer and lack the framework and infrastructure to deal with other trajectory of decline. Above mentioned issues are just the surface of the iceberg in metaphorical sense, there are a lot more complex issues that are associated with the inadequacies in end of life care setting. However, newer and better policies and programs are being designed like the national palliative care program to improve this sector of health care and it can be hoped as the future comes so will come strategise to target these key areas that will change the face of end of life care. References: Curtis, J. R., Engelberg, R. A., Bensink, M. E., Ramsey, S. D. (2012). End-of-life care in the intensive care unit: can we simultaneously increase quality and reduce costs?.American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine,186(7), 587-592. Hui, D., Kim, S. H., Roquemore, J., Dev, R., Chisholm, G., Bruera, E. (2014). Impact of timing and setting of palliative care referral on quality of end?of?life care in cancer patients.Cancer,120(11), 1743-1749. Jones, D. A., Bagshaw, S. M., Barrett, J., Bellomo, R., Bhatia, G., Bucknall, T. K., ... Hillman, K. M. (2012). The role of the medical emergency team in end-of-life care: a multicenter, prospective, observational study.Critical care medicine,40(1), 98-103. Katz, R. S., Johnson, T. G. (Eds.). (2013).When professionals weep: Emotional and countertransference responses in end-of-life care. Routledge. McCourt, R., Power, J. J., Glackin, M. (2013). General nurses' experiences of end-of-life care in the acute hospital setting: a literature review.International journal of palliative nursing,19(10). Murray, S. A., Kendall, M., Boyd, K., Sheikh, A. (2012). Illness trajectories and palliative care.Int Perspect Public Health Palliat Care,30, 2017-19. Teno, J. M., Gozalo, P. L., Bynum, J. P., Leland, N. E., Miller, S. C., Morden, N. E., ... Mor, V. (2013). Change in end-of-life care for Medicare beneficiaries: site of death, place of care, and health care transitions in 2000, 2005, and 2009.Jama,309(5), 470-477. Thomas, M. J., Schultz, T. J., Hannaford, N., Runciman, W. B. (2013). Failures in transition: learning from incidents relating to clinical handover in acute care.Journal for Healthcare Quality,35(3), 49-56. Virdun, C., Luckett, T., Davidson, P. M., Phillips, J. (2015). Dying in the hospital setting: A systematic review of quantitative studies identifying the elements of end-of-life care that patients and their families rank as being most important.Palliative medicine,29(9), 774-796. Watts, T. (2012). Initiating end?of?life care pathways: a discussion paper.Journal of advanced nursing,68(10), 2359-2370.

Monday, March 23, 2020

Dino Conti Essay Example

Dino Conti Paper Odin Contain Ice Cream Introduction Doll Contain Is a manufacturer and distributor of Ice cream In California. Its most famous product Is its chocolate Ice cream. Now, Odin Coitions profits are falling because of its prices, products, equipment, environment and outlets. Objectives To solve the companys problems and to continue to become international business, we propose an investment of $3 million . Options and Benefits The Board of Directors has agreed the following investment plan. Upgrade its equipments to improve its quality of products. Add more outlets to make its products recognized easily in the market to increase the sales. Improve products packaging to interested the customers. Make the company more green. Cost upgrade equipment Add more outlets $1 ,million $500,000 Improve products packaging $500,000 Make the company more green $800 Schedule upgrade equipment: Start on January and completed at May. Add more outlets: Begin at May and finish on middle of August. Improve product packaging: Begins development In April Make the company more green: The campaign will be start at the end of the year through online until March next year. Summary A presentation to the board on June 9th. Can managers will always control tense projects We will write a custom essay sample on Dino Conti specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Dino Conti specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Dino Conti specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer

Friday, March 6, 2020

Sociology of religion Essays

Sociology of religion Essays Sociology of religion Essay Sociology of religion Essay Critically Evaluate Stark s Theory of Religion in Light of Primary and Secondary Beginnings Rodney Stark, a modern-day mind on the Sociology of Religion, has been seen to dispute the widely accepted position that secularization is happening within modern society. By looking at his theory of faith based on Rational Choice Theory we can see how he proposes that Religion is a necessary construct for society, which is improbable to vanish. Many theoreticians have concluded that Stark s theory is unequal for a figure of grounds. Through close scrutiny of his theories, and of contemplations made by minds such as Steve Bruce, a critical rating of Stark s theory can be made. Stark s theory on faith has many facets to it, but a focal point on his impression of reason in peculiar, and its defects with respects to faith, will take to a clear thought of the worthiness of his theory. Stark s theory of faith is chiefly outlined in a figure of his Hagiographas. Most notably his remarks in The Future of Religion show a clear overview of his general premises on why spiritual beliefs are held. Although his theory has been criticised for being excessively reductive, Stark puts frontward that cut downing general phenomena to a basic theory is something all theoretician should draw a bead on to make. These ideas are similar to the thoughts of William of Ockham. [ 1 ] Stark shows his theory to be reductionist by utilizing simple premises to asseverate his place. He uses said premises to exemplify a hypothesis, based mostly on economical footings, of why faith is followed by so many and will go on to be followed. The first premiss begins to give ground for faith by proposing that humans seek what they perceive to be wagess and seek to avoid what they perceive to be costs. [ 2 ] This positivist attack to human behavior leads on to propose that faith offers wagess and compensators that co-inside with basic demands and desires. Such wagess are things that worlds want but can non be gained any other manner than through faith. The thought of a compensator is that if a wages can non be given instantly so an false IOU can be given in the average clip. Compensators give people a solution to concerns they have such as what happens when they die. Merely faith can give such compensators with the promise of life after decease, this is where Stark claims the supernatural will ever be needed and explains why faith will ever be about. As worlds we will ever seek certain things that can merely be given to us through belief in a supernatural being who offers compensators for inquiries that can non be answer ed instantly. Stark uses this trust on the supernatural to demo why Churches that have become excessively broad have falling attending Numberss where more fundamentalist Churches with higher costs and, hence, larger wagess have lifting attending Numberss. He besides uses this thought to demo that secularism is self-limiting as the more it occurs, the more necessary fundamentalist faith becomes. [ 3 ] Stark states rational histrions will prefer more demanding Churches because they offer a more favorable cost/benefit ratio. [ 4 ] It is this accent on the Rational Choice concluding behind faith that many theoretician have such an issue with. Stark supposes that all spiritual followings are believing rationally, strictly about what they will derive from following a faith. Where it might be possible to explicate people s economic penchants and passing wonts in footings of cost-effectiveness is it truly possible to cut down something every bit complex as spiritual belief to such a rigorous, rational account? In support of Stark, his theory does give a plausible account for why broad Protestantism has declined in recent old ages and periphery faiths such as the Church of jesus christ of latter-day saintss have grown. If people are believing rationally, harmonizing to Stark, they will seek a faith that gives them the highest wagess, something, which the Mormon Church appears to make. Stark has predicted that by the twelvemonth 2080, the figure of followings of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints ( Mormons ) will hold risen to something between 60,000,000 and 265,000,000. [ 5 ] If this does happen so Mormonism will be seen as one of the universe s major religions alongside Catholicism and Islam. This will back up Stark s belief that as secularization begins to happen new, more utmost, faiths with a higher accent on the occult will originate in order to give people the wagess and compensators that they desire. Although the addition in Mormonism holds up Stark s theory it is non sufficient plenty to state that it was rational pick and the demand for wagess and compensators that led to the rise. There may be many other grounds for the rise of Mormonism such as spiritual learning in American schools or merely the fact that it is an appealing faith, which makes sense to people irrespective of what they will derive in the manner of wagess. Further to this, Steve Bruce finds Stark s back uping grounds to be invalid. He says that Stark makes much of the diminution of Liberal Protestant Churches to back up his claims but pursues some instead Byzantine concluding to convey this into compatibility with his theory. [ 6 ] He besides claims that a considerable organic structure of grounds on church rank and attending shows that major British denominations are merely a coevals off from unsnarling. [ 7 ] Bruce argues that there is no mark of any spiritual phenomenon to make full the infinite. Britain is so going layman [ 8 ] this along with him saying that the growth of Mormons is non plenty to turn out Stark s theory [ 9 ] refutes Stark s belief that faith will ever be necessary and evident in society. Bruce is able to utilize Church history to demo how Stark s supply side position of faiths as viing for followings, like market economic systems, is non an bing and necessary characteristic. Stark suggests that secularization will neer happen if Churches continue to vie by utilizing wagess to lure rational minds. He says that competition consequences in eager and efficient providers of faith merely as it does among providers of secular trade goods, and with the same consequences: far higher degrees of overall ingestion. [ 10 ] However, Bruce shows that before the reformation there was one Church, organised on a national parish construction, which glorified God on behalf of, and provided spiritual offices for, the full people [ 11 ] connoting that faiths do non necessitate to vie in order to avoid secularization. Callum Brown supports Bruce s findings by proposing that a transition that occurred in 1970/80s constituted a recrafting of what being spiritual and faith consisted of. [ 12 ] This displacement gave people more pick to travel out and pick faiths or take godlessness, it was non the outgrowth of competing faiths which led to more assortment but an outgrowth of new societal activity and individuality. And it was this new epoch of faith that left a immense sum of room for evangelism. Through this we begin to see that although Stark gives justification and grounds for his theory, such grounds may be inaccurate or merely non applicable. Bruce advises that Stark s rational attack would merely work in a thoroughly secular society since faith is non a trade good so should non be seen as one. He believes that such economic based theoretical accounts of faith fail to present what they promise and obscure more than they illuminate. [ 13 ] It is besides extremely improbable that spiritual establishments would partake in such competition in the same manner that concerns would alter their merchandise to accommodate the consumer. Another unfavorable judgment made by Bruce is that the theory contains unneeded premises, which stem from its reductionism, cut downing spiritual beliefs to this-worldly considerations and from the interpretative distance between Stark-Bainbridge and the histrions whose beliefs and behavior they seek to explicate. [ 14 ] From this sentence Bruce is seting frontward that Stark is pretermiting the fact that many spiritual beliefs and desires lie beyond rational differentiation. Stark s theory is besides really American and his generalizations appear to disregard the obvious cultural differences that can be seen between and within faiths. Such major cultural differences show how Stark s theory can non be applicable to all people, since if his theory were right every individual would want to be a member of the same, one, faith that offered the highest wagess at the least cost. However, there are many faiths that offer small wagess at great costs but still have many followings. Another cardinal mind, Stephen Sharot, supports Bruce s claims that Rational Choice theory can non be generalised as a ground for why all spiritual people hold a belief. He looks at this Rational Choice theoretical account of faith from a Weberian position and finds farther troubles to back up Bruce s concerns. He demonstrates that Weber wrote that a big portion of human behavior fell into a traditional or accustomed class, which, as routinized and unthinking, implied that small or non pick was involved. [ 15 ] Sharot besides shows that Weber put forward a differentiation between different types of rational actions, which Stark fails to make. These points illustrate that Stark s theory does non let for differences as it tries to cut down human behavior to a grade that appears to be excessively utmost. His premise that all people seem to follow a rational pick theoretical account when taking a faith seems erroneous when conveying in the thought of cultural relativism. It is more than evident that different civilizations hold spiritual beliefs for changing grounds and therefore it is impossible to generalize that all spiritual belief stems from the same demand for wagess and compensators. For case, western spiritual civilizations are far more concerned with wagess for the present such as fiscal stableness and material goods. Whereas, Indian spiritual followings will be focused more on wagess that they will gain for the following life due to their belief in reincarn ation. Here we see that Stark s theory lacks credibleness, as it can non be applied universally. Besides, his theory does non let for the fact that there are, and ever have been, atheists. He neglects the fact that some people see abstaining from spiritual belief as far more rational than believing, even if they were to derive wagess. In order to antagonize the statement made by his coevalss that Rational Choice is subjective and can non be assumed to use to all worlds, particularly with respects to faith, Stark puts frontward a new premiss. Within the bounds of their information and apprehension, restricted by available options, guided by their penchants and gustatory sensations, worlds attempt to do rational picks. [ 16 ] Through this Stark shows a new thought of reason where he accepts that persons have limited information and varying penchants. This definition of human behavior more than allows for cultural fluctuations in spiritual belief. He besides states that persons such as Mother Tersesa violate the rule of reason merely if we adopt a really narrow, mercenary and wholly egoistic definition of wagess. [ 17 ] These comments appear to queer remarks made by people such as Bruce who thought Stark s theory ignored the fact that possibly non all worlds desired this-worldly things. However, his theory still ap pears to miss room for the predication that possibly people truly have strong beliefs based on religion entirely and non formulated through rational thought about what wagess or compensators they will derive. Or as Bruce puts it they assume that the promises of faith can non be desired for their ain interest, but merely as a replacement for something else. [ 18 ] To measure Stark s theory in visible radiation of Bruce s remarks it is necessary to look at the chief points behind Bruce s statements. Bruce notes three chief failings in Stark s theory ; his conceptualization of wagess and compensators, his underlying attack to account and the reading of the grounds presented for the theory. [ 19 ] He sees the thought of wagess and compensators as a tautology as although they appear to be separate things, they are besides shown to be reliant on each other. With this defect in the really rudimentss of his theory, even if the grounds to endorse it up were dependable, it does non stand much land in Bruce s sentiment. Bruce farther refutes Stark s thought that we all make rational picks with respects to religion by proposing that no 1, in fact, knows what the rational pick would be so can non do it. [ 20 ] Bruce believes that Stark s usage of rationalism is a weak statement as a theory for faith. Yes it can, and should be assumed that people act rat ionally. It should besides be held that in most cases people will move to derive wagess at the lowest cost, but neither of these points lead straight to the premise that this is the cause for faith. Bruce so asserts from this that Stark s theory is not a theory of faith, merely a theory about what faith is or does for some people at some times. [ 21 ] Emphasis should be given to Bruce s usage of some people and sometimes. If Stark s theory is merely applicable to what faith is in some state of affairss so it is non able to be universalised and Bruce shows why this is a job. Stark brings frontward his thoughts in such a manner that suggests they can be generalised across all people and civilizations but Bruce illuminates the jobs with Stark s theory to show how this is wrong. Such defects in Stark s statement once more, conveying into the inquiry the pertinence of his theory to spiritual attitudes. From the aforesaid points we can see that, although Stark s theory appears to be logical, it lacks sufficient concrete grounds. Stark s usage of reason is tenuous since it is unlogical to use the same theory for something every bit rigorous as economic sciences to something as complex and irrational as faith. Stark does set frontward grounds to heighten his theory but Bruce shows how this is deficient. Through Bruce s review of Stark s theory we can do a clear rating of the worthiness of Stark s theory. Although the theory itself is interesting and obliging it is non equal plenty to be used as a cosmopolitan theory for why all people follow faiths. Bibliography Callum G. Brown, The Death of Christian Briatin ( Routledge 2002 ) Steve Bruce, Choice and Relgion: a Critique of Rational Choice Theory ( Oxford University Press 1999 ) Stephen Sharot, Critique of Rational Choice Theory from a Weberian and Comparative Religions Perspective ( hypertext transfer protocol: //findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0SOR/is_4_63/ai_96254890/ ? tag=content ; col1- accessed on 01DEC09 ) Rodney Stark and William Sims Bainbridge, The Future of Religion ( University of California Press 1985 ) Rodney Stark and William Sims Bainbridge, A Theory of Religion ( Rutgers University Press 1996 ) Roy Wallis and Steve Bruce, The Stark-Bainbridge Theory of Religion: A Critical Analysis and Counter Proposals ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www.jstor.org/pss/3711319 accessed on 11DEC09 ) Rodney Stark Rationality in, Willi Braun and Russell T McCutcheon, Guide to The Study of Religion ( Contium International Publishing Group Ltd 1999 ) Rodney Stark and Roger Finke, Acts of Faith ( University of California Press 2000 ) Steve Bruce, God is Dead: Secularization in the West ( Blackwell 2002 ) Claudia Bushman, Contemporary Mormonism: Latter Day Saints in Modern America ( Preager Publishers 2006 ) Stark, A Theory of Religion, p26 Stark, The Future of Religion, p5 Stark, The Future of Religion, p6ff Stark, Acts of Faith, p22 Claudia Bushman, Contemporary Mormonism, p1 Bruce, Choice and Religion, p38 Bruce, God is Dead, p60 Bruce, God is Dead, p60 Bruce, God is Dead, p71 Stark, Guide to The Study of Religion, p257 Bruce, God is Dead, p61 Brown, Death of Christian Britain, p37 Bruce, Religion and Rational Choice, p194 Bruce, The Stark Bainbridge Theory of Religion, p11 Sharot, Critique of Rational Choice Stark, Guide to Study of Religion, p248 Stark, Guide to Study of Religion, p249 Bruce, Choice and Religion, p33 Bruce, Choice and Religion, p32 Bruce, Choice and Religion, p129 Bruce, Choice and Religion, p37

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Value and Ethics in the workplace Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Value and Ethics in the workplace - Essay Example In global environment, an individual reconciles persona;, organizational and cultural values from national and international traditions and unique personal vision of life and business practices. In the past few decades, global corporations have generated a significant number of economic, moral, and political questions. Far too often, discussions of these issues have been inappropriately separated from each other. The moral behavior of transnational corporations and the implications that transnationals have for the nation-state are two such discussions. There is the importance of the moral conditions within which institutions, such as corporations and the state, may act when we note, among other things, the special powers they have, the temptations to which they may be subjected, and the competitive pressures under which politicians and transnational corporations operate (Boatright, 1997). In short, both individuals and institutions are affected by the moral conditions which surround them. Within complex situations defined by the preceding conditions, we might expect that the behavior of individuals (natural or artificial) would tend to be moral. In short, under such conditions individuals may anticipate being held morally responsible for what they do (or bring about), either in the sense that they intentionally brought it about or were in a situation such that they could have effected certain actions and their consequences. Their behavior would also be that of moral citizens to the extent that an additional condition is also fulfilled (Beauchamp and Bowie 2003). Individuals derive personal values from personal vision of life and life experiences based on national and cultural moral values. In the global context, individuals view themselves as subject to a commitment or loyalty to the community or society of which they are members. This commitment is to certain values and principles shaped by the historical